What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a common skin condition, affecting over 16 million people in the United States alone. It is characterized by facial redness, and small pustules or bumps filled with pus. It is not a contagious condition, though it is believed that genetics may play a role in a person’s susceptibility to developing rosacea.
Rosacea typically develops when people are in their 30s, and it continues in active and dormant cycles for the rest of their lives. If not treated, this condition can have a negative impact on an individual emotionally, socially, psychologically, and physically.
At this time, the precise cause of rosacea is not fully understood; however, researchers believe that it is related to both environmental and genetic factors. Your risk of developing rosacea is greater if you are fair skinned, have family members with the condition, or you tend to flush or blush easily and frequently. It is more common in females, although the symptoms are typically more severe in males.
Certain factors, which increase blood flow, can trigger flare-ups. These include:
- Strenuous exercise.
- Very hot food or drinks.
- Embarrassment, anger, or stress.
- Spicy foods.
- Certain medications, such as many blood pressure medicines, which dilate the vessels.
- Saunas or hot baths.
- Sun exposure.
- Extreme temperatures.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Abrasive cleansers and harsh soaps.
The symptoms of rosacea vary, depending on the type, and severity. This condition typically progresses through three phases.
Pre-rosacea may include the tendency to blush or flush easily.
Vascular rosacea involves chronic redness as the tiny vessels in the face become visible
Inflammatory rosacea includes persistent pus-filled bumps on the nose, chin, cheeks, or forehead. The most common symptoms include:
- Flushing or blushing easily.
- Facial redness.
- Swelling and redness of the nose.
- Small, acne-like bumps, usually appearing on the chin, nose, cheeks, and forehead.
- Visible facial blood vessels.
Rosacea treatment at Dr. W Dermatology
Thanks to extensive clinical research, treatment options have improved dramatically, and continue to do so. Unfortunately, we do not yet have a permanent cure, although the symptoms can be controlled with a cooperative effort between you and your dermatologist. We will begin with an evaluation, and then we will work with you to develop a customized treatment plan and daily skin care regimen. Some of the most common therapies include:
- Topical medication for reducing swelling and redness.
- Oral antibiotics to combat inflammation.
- IPL, also called photo-rejuvenation or intense pulsed light therapy.
- When the condition is in remission, topicals alone are usually sufficient.
- Isotretinoin (Accutane) is used when all other options are ineffective.
We will also help you learn to prevent flares by avoiding skin irritants and rosacea triggers. It is important to wear broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
Call Dr. W Dermatology at (281) 771-0494 and schedule an appointment today. You can visit our office.